Eugenio Salvador Felipe Jacinto Dali. Biography of one of
the most brilliant artist known to mankind.
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Eugenio Salvador Dalí was with out doubt, a genius. At the age of 14
exhibit his works to critics, often was (and is still some times),
misunderstood. When 22 meet Picasso and also was fired from the art
school. Few years latter begun to be part of Paris surrealist´s group
and there, start the relationship with Gala, that will go on until 1982
when she died. At the age of 79 Dalí painted his last work and past away
in 1989 at the age of 85.
1903 His older brother Salvador, died at the age of seven from an attack of meningitis. Dali wrote that they resembled each other like two drops of water, but with different reflections. The profound sadness experienced by their parents was later translated in an unusually intense and permissive dedication towards the new child, Dali. 1904 An artist is born in Figueres, Spain, at forty five minutes after eight o'clock on May 11; Salvador Felipe Jacinto Dalí. Son of Salvador Dali y Cusi from Cadaques, Gerona, and Felipa Dome Domenech from Barcelona. The meaning of his name "Salvador" indicated, as told by Dali, that he was 'destined to rescue and save painting from the mediocre catastrophes of modern art'. 1908 Ana María, his younger sister, is born. His only female model... until Gala came into picture! 1914 Marcel Duchamp designs what could be considered the first surrealist objects.
Attends a private painting school.
His first exhibition.
1920 André Bretón heads
the surrealist movement and swears loyalty to nonsense, dreams, incoherence,
hyperboles and everything that opposes to what is considered reality.
Goes to an Art School in Madrid.
His mother dies.
He separated a year from school. 1924 André
Bretón proposes the manufacture of objects that only appear in dreams.
Dali dedicates his attention to the Metaphysical School created by
Giorgio De Chirico and Carlo Carra. Where a rejection to
Futurism and Cubism, and a return to the world of dreams and inner life was
Arrested due to politic suspitions.
André Breton surrealism manifest.
It proposed a radical and systematic revision of
received values, and a revaluation of the unconscious as a source of all
artistic inspiration (Maddox).
Back to Art Scholl.
Met Garcia Lorca in Cadaques.
1925 First one-man show held
He is expelled from Art School.
First Trip to Paris.
He visits Pablo Picasso and experienced a great emotion when
received by the Artist. He showed his respect and said "I have come to see
you before visiting the Louvre" and Picasso responded "You have
Concludes his military service.
Joan Miró visits him in Cadaqués.
He visits Paris and asks the taxi driver if he knows a good brothel.
He then went to the famous "Chabanais" and was impressed by the cheap
eroticism of its staircase.
Second Surrealist Manifest.
Meets other Surrealists and Elena Dimitrovna Diakonova (Gala).
Collaborates with Luis Bruñuel with the film "Un Chien Andalou" (An Andalutian Dog). The
awkward sequences of this film
pleased the surrealists, despite the fact that the public in general could not
digest it's crude scenes.
1929 His first one-man
exposition in the city of Paris.
Begins to develop the critical-paranoiac method.
Second film with Bruñuel "L'age d'or" (The Golden Age). The
film had much violence and the public objected. During its opening,
a fight took place in which a group of extreme right participated. The
cinema suffered serious damage and the police prohibited the film's projection.
Officially joins the surrealist movement. 1931 Participates in "The Newer Super-Realism"
exhibition in Wadsworth Atheneum, Connecticut.
He introduces his famous soft watches.
offered himself to write the preface of the catalogue for the Surrealist Exhibition
in the Colle Gallery. It caused controversy among the surrealists because
the painter intended to praise Meissonier.
First exhibition in NYC.
Individual exhibition in London.
painter is interested in what he would later call "Instantaneous Figures".
Dali goes to NYC.
1934 Collective Exhibition in Brussels.
1934 A trial to expel Dali from the surrealist
group takes place.
1935 Defines the
Garcia Lorca was shot and
killed in the Spanish Civil War.
Writes "The Metamorphosis of Narcissus" in
which he explains the painting with the same name.
Went to Italy; away from the civil war in Spain.
Dali is part of the surrealist exhibition in Paris.
Met Sigmund Freud.
1938 He moved
to Monte Carlo due to the Munich crisis.
1939 Dali published his manifesto
in New York: "Declaration of Independence of the Imagination and of the
Right of Man to His Own Madness"
artist creates "The Dream of Venus", a pavilion for the first Universal
Exhibition of New York. 1939
Exhibit in the Julien Levy Gallery of New
Dali goes to France.
Dali and Gala go to the US. 1940
Dali begins his "classic" era.
1941 First mayor retrospective
Publication of "The Secret Life of Salvador Dalí".
surrealists that stay away from Dalí, initiate the publication of their own
magazine. They begin to gain more recognition in the United States and call
the famous painter "Avida Dollars".
Publication of his first novel "Hidden Faces".
Becomes interested in nuclear physics.
Works with Alfred Hitchcock producing the dream sequences of his film "Spellbound".
Made some drawings for Walt Disney.
1947 In a
painting contest organized by the cinematographic company Loew-Lewin; the
work presented by Max Ernst won. The non-winning proposal of Dalí
was "The Temptations of Saint Antthony". 1948
Returns to Europe; to Port Lligart...
1957 Designs a night club in Acapulco that would move and breathe. The project was
Dali and Gala meet the Pope.
1964 Tokio exhibition. 1964 Publication of "Diary of a Genius". 1964 Dali receives "The Great Cross of Isabel the Catholic". 1971 3D (stereoscopic) experiments. 1974 He creates the hologram "The Shepherd and The Sirens ". 1974 Opening of the "Dali Theater Museum" in Figueres. 1978 Spanish King goes to Dali's museum in Figueres. 1979 Retrospective Exhibition in Paris. 1980 Retrospective Exhibition in London. 1982 Gala dies. 1983 His last painting. 1983 Retrospective Exhibition in Barcelona and Madrid. 1986 Suffers a fire accident in his castle. 1989 Retrospective Exhibition in Stuttgart and Zurich. 1989 The 23rd of January, at the age of 84, dies in Figueres... Eugenio Salvador Dalí.