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 ARTIST BIOGRAPHIES 


  • Alston, Charles
  • Angelico, Beato
  • Arp, Jean (Hans)
  • Avercamp, Hendrik
  • Bakst, Leon
  • Bannister, Edward
  • Bazille, Jean Frederic
  • Bearden, Romare
  • Beaux, Cecilia
  • Beckmann, Max
  • Bellows, George
  • Benson, Frank Weston
  • Benton, Thomas Hart
  • Bierstadt, Albert
  • Bingham, George Caleb
  • Blake, William
  • Boccioni, Umberto
  • Bonnard, Pierre
  • Botticelli, Allesandro
  • Boucher, Francois
  • Boudin, Eugene-Louis
  • Bouguereau, Adolphe William
  • Bradley, Will
  • Braque, Georges
  • Brauner, Victor
  • Bricher, Alfred Thompson
  • Bronzino, Agnolo
  • Brouwer, Adriaen
  • Brueghel the Elder, Pieter
  • Buffet, Bernard
  • Calder, Alexander
  • Canaletto
  • Caravaggio
  • Caron, Antoine
  • Carqueville, William
  • Cassatt, Mary
  • Cezanne, Paul
  • Chagall, Marc
  • Chambers, Thomas
  • Chardin, JBS
  • Chase, William Merritt
  • Cheret, Jules
  • Chicago, Judy
  • Clouet, Jean
  • Cochran, Anna
  • Cole, Thomas
  • Constable, John
  • Corinth, Lovis
  • Cornoyer, Paul
  • Corot, Jean-Baptiste Camille
  • Courbet, Gustave
  • Cranach (the Elder), Lucas
  • Crite, Allan
  • Currier and Ives
  • Cuyp, Aelbert
  • da Vinci, Leonardo
  • Dali, Salvador
  • Daumier, Honore
  • David, Jacques-Louis
  • Davis, Stuart
  • de Chirico, Giorgio
  • de Goya, Francisco Jose
  • de Hooch, Pieter
  • de Vlaminck, Maurice
  • Degas, Edgar
  • Delacroix, Eugene
  • Delaroche, Paul
  • Delvaux, Paul
  • Demuth, Charles
  • Derain, Andre
  • di Bondone, Giotto
  • Doughty, Thomas
  • Duchamp, Marcel
  • Dufy, Raoul
  • Durer, Albrecht
  • Eakins, Thomas
  • Eilshemius, Louis
  • El Greco
  • Ensor, James
  • Ernst, Max
  • Evergood, Philip
  • Fantin-Latour, Henri
  • Feininger, Lyonel
  • Foujita, Tsuguharu
  • Fragonard, Jean-Honore
  • Frankenthaler, Helen
  • Friedrich, Caspar David
  • Frieseke, Frederick Carl
  • Friesz, Othon
  • Fuseli, John Henry
  • Gainsborough, Thomas
  • Gasser, Henry
  • Gauguin, Paul
  • Gentileschi, Orazio
  • Gericault, Theodore
  • Ghirlandaio, Domenico
  • Giacometti, Alberto
  • Giorgione, Giorgio
  • Glackens, William
  • Gorky, Arshile
  • Gottlieb, Adolph
  • Gottlob, Fernand
  • Gris, Juan
  • Grunewald, Matthias
  • Guys, Constantin
  • Hals, Frans
  • Hansen, H.W.
  • Harnett, William Michael
  • Hartley, Marsden
  • Hassam, Childe
  • Hayes, George
  • Henry, Edward Lamson
  • Hicks, Edward
  • Hilliard, Nicholas
  • Hobbema, Meindert
  • Hofmann, Hans
  • Hogarth, William
  • Hoitsu, Sakai
  • Holbein(the younger), Hans
  • Holder, Geoffrey
  • Homer, Winslow
  • Hopper, Edward
  • Hui-tsung, Emperor
  • Hunt, William Holman
  • Indiana, Robert
  • Ingres
  • Inness, George
  • Ino, Pierre
  • Johns, Jasper
  • Johnson, Frank Tenney
  • Johnson, William
  • Kahlo, Frida
  • Kandinsky, Wassily
  • Kirchner, Ernst Ludwig
  • Kisling, Moise
  • Kiyonaga, Torii
  • Klee, Paul
  • Klimt, Gustav
  • Kokoschka, Oskar
  • Koryusai, Koryusai
  • Kuhn, Walt
  • Kuniyoshi, Yasuo
  • Kyosai, Kawanabe
  • Lane, Fitz Hugh
  • Laurencin, Marie
  • Lawrence, Jacob
  • Lawrence, Sir Thomas
  • Lee-Smith, Hughie
  • Leger, Fernand
  • Leigh, William Robinson
  • Leyster, Judith
  • Lichtenstein, Roy
  • Liebermann, Max
  • Lindner, Richard
  • Lippi, Fra Fillipo
  • Lorrain, Claude
  • Louis, Morris
  • Luini, Bernardino
  • Macke, Auguste
  • Maes, Nicolaes
  • Magritte, Rene
  • Maillol, Aristide
  • Manet, Edouard
  • Marc, Franz
  • Marini, Marino
  • Marquet, Albert
  • Martin, Henri-Jean Guillaume
  • Masaccio
  • Matisse, Henri
  • Michelangelo - Buonarotti, Michelangelo
  • Millet, Jean-Francois
  • Miro, Joan
  • Modigliani, Amedeo
  • Mondrian, Piet
  • Monet, Claude
  • Moore, Henry
  • Moore, Martha
  • Moreau, Gustave
  • Morisot, Berthe
  • Moskowitz, Ira
  • Motherwell, Robert
  • Motley, Archibald John Jr
  • Mucha, Alphonse Marie
  • Munch, Edvard
  • O'Keeffe, georgia
  • Picasso, Pablo
  • Pissarro, Camille
  • Pollock, Jackson
  • Poussin, Nicolas
  • Raffaelo - Sanzio, Raphael
  • Rauschenberg, Robert
  • Redoute, Pierre-Joseph
  • Remington, Frederic
  • Renoir, Pierre-Auguste
  • Reynolds, Sir Joshua
  • Rossetti, Dante Gabriel
  • Rouault, Georges
  • Rubens, Peter Paul
  • Seurat, Georges
  • Sisley, Alfred
  • Steinlen, Theophile Alexandre
  • Tamayo, Rufino
  • Tang, Li
  • Tanguy, Yves
  • Tiepolo, Giovanni Domenica
  • Tintoretto, Jacopo Robusti
  • Toulouse-Lautrec, Henri
  • Turner, Joseph Mallord William
  • Ucello, Paolo
  • van Beyeren, Abraham
  • van Dyck, Sir Anthony
  • van Gogh, Vincent
  • van Huysum, Jan
  • van Rijin, Rembrant
  • Velazquez, Diego
  • Vermeer, Johannes Jan
  • von Jawlensky, Alexej
  • Vuillard, Edouard
  • Watteau, Jean-Antoine
  • Whistler, James Abbott Macneill
  • Williams, Walter
  • Wood, Grant
  • Woodruff, Hale
  • Woodville, Richard
  • Wyeth, Andrew
  • Wyeth, Newell Convers
  • Yokoyama, Taikan






  •   (Eugene-Henri-) Paul  Gauguin 


    Birth Year : 1848
    Death Year : 1903
    Country : France

    Paul Gauguin, the most exotic of the Post-Impressionists, was born in Paris. The son of a French journalist and a Peruvian woman, Gauguin spent his early childhood in Peru, attended a boarding school in France, and was a merchant seaman before becoming a stockbroker's assistant in 1871. At first merely an occasional painter Gauguin frequented the Nouvelle Athenes Café where he met Pissarro and the Impressionists, whose works he purchased. He had married in 1873, and so it was not until ten years later that Gauguin decided to give up the business world and devote himself to the artistic. After a period in Rouen where he stayed with Pissarro, who had encouraged him, Gauguin went to Copenhagen with his Danish wife only to leave his family forever a few months later. Gauguin was then past thirty-five and almost penniless, though a loan from Degas, who approved of his theories on the importance of line, permitted him to go to Pont-Aven where he and Emile Bernard would develop Synthetism, a style in which the expression of ideas and emotions are more important than naturalistic representations, and flat color areas reminiscent of Japanese woodcuts are outlined by heavy black lines in the manner of cloisonné enamels or stained-glass windows.

    Abandoning his earlier Impressionism, Gauguin painted in this manner and also made ceramics and wood carvings to earn a little money. These were decorative, finely conceived Art Nouveau pieces, tinged with a symbolism learned from Puvis de Chavannes, whom he had also admired. In 1887 Gauguin made an unsuccessful trip to Martinique in his search for a primitive way of life. He spent 1888, the year of his great Synthetist work "The Yellow Christ", in Arles with Vincent van Gogh. This adventure ended in near tragedy as Van Gogh exhibited signs of madness. Gauguin returned shortly to Brittany before leaving for Tahiti on his constant quest for the simple life and the peace of mind he would never really find.

    Gauguin's mature style, developed in the South, is a fusion of Oriental influences, personal symbolism, warm color, strong design, and musically rich expression that offers a spiritual image of the creative artist constantly seeking the unattainable. Gauguin remained in Tahiti until 1893, when ill health and lack of funds forced his return to Paris. He remained there until 1895 when he again settled in Tahiti. His stay there ended in 1901 when seriously ill with syphilis and in trouble with the French authorities. He moved to the Marquesas, seeking an easier and cheaper life. His health, unfortunately, deteriorated still further but he continued to paint until he died on May 8, 1903.
     
    (Eugene-Henri-) Paul Gauguin
    Tahitian Landscape, 1891



    (Eugene-Henri-) Paul Gauguin
    Matamoe



    (Eugene-Henri-) Paul Gauguin
    Haere Mai



    (Eugene-Henri-) Paul Gauguin
    Woman with Mango



    (Eugene-Henri-) Paul Gauguin
    Life's Questions - Where Do We Come From? What Are We? Where Are We Going?



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