Life, art, and  paintings of the most brilliant surrealist artist
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 ARTIST BIOGRAPHIES 


  • Alston, Charles
  • Angelico, Beato
  • Arp, Jean (Hans)
  • Avercamp, Hendrik
  • Bakst, Leon
  • Bannister, Edward
  • Bazille, Jean Frederic
  • Bearden, Romare
  • Beaux, Cecilia
  • Beckmann, Max
  • Bellows, George
  • Benson, Frank Weston
  • Benton, Thomas Hart
  • Bierstadt, Albert
  • Bingham, George Caleb
  • Blake, William
  • Boccioni, Umberto
  • Bonnard, Pierre
  • Botticelli, Allesandro
  • Boucher, Francois
  • Boudin, Eugene-Louis
  • Bouguereau, Adolphe William
  • Bradley, Will
  • Braque, Georges
  • Brauner, Victor
  • Bricher, Alfred Thompson
  • Bronzino, Agnolo
  • Brouwer, Adriaen
  • Brueghel the Elder, Pieter
  • Buffet, Bernard
  • Calder, Alexander
  • Canaletto
  • Caravaggio
  • Caron, Antoine
  • Carqueville, William
  • Cassatt, Mary
  • Cezanne, Paul
  • Chagall, Marc
  • Chambers, Thomas
  • Chardin, JBS
  • Chase, William Merritt
  • Cheret, Jules
  • Chicago, Judy
  • Clouet, Jean
  • Cochran, Anna
  • Cole, Thomas
  • Constable, John
  • Corinth, Lovis
  • Cornoyer, Paul
  • Corot, Jean-Baptiste Camille
  • Courbet, Gustave
  • Cranach (the Elder), Lucas
  • Crite, Allan
  • Currier and Ives
  • Cuyp, Aelbert
  • da Vinci, Leonardo
  • Dali, Salvador
  • Daumier, Honore
  • David, Jacques-Louis
  • Davis, Stuart
  • de Chirico, Giorgio
  • de Goya, Francisco Jose
  • de Hooch, Pieter
  • de Vlaminck, Maurice
  • Degas, Edgar
  • Delacroix, Eugene
  • Delaroche, Paul
  • Delvaux, Paul
  • Demuth, Charles
  • Derain, Andre
  • di Bondone, Giotto
  • Doughty, Thomas
  • Duchamp, Marcel
  • Dufy, Raoul
  • Durer, Albrecht
  • Eakins, Thomas
  • Eilshemius, Louis
  • El Greco
  • Ensor, James
  • Ernst, Max
  • Evergood, Philip
  • Fantin-Latour, Henri
  • Feininger, Lyonel
  • Foujita, Tsuguharu
  • Fragonard, Jean-Honore
  • Frankenthaler, Helen
  • Friedrich, Caspar David
  • Frieseke, Frederick Carl
  • Friesz, Othon
  • Fuseli, John Henry
  • Gainsborough, Thomas
  • Gasser, Henry
  • Gauguin, Paul
  • Gentileschi, Orazio
  • Gericault, Theodore
  • Ghirlandaio, Domenico
  • Giacometti, Alberto
  • Giorgione, Giorgio
  • Glackens, William
  • Gorky, Arshile
  • Gottlieb, Adolph
  • Gottlob, Fernand
  • Gris, Juan
  • Grunewald, Matthias
  • Guys, Constantin
  • Hals, Frans
  • Hansen, H.W.
  • Harnett, William Michael
  • Hartley, Marsden
  • Hassam, Childe
  • Hayes, George
  • Henry, Edward Lamson
  • Hicks, Edward
  • Hilliard, Nicholas
  • Hobbema, Meindert
  • Hofmann, Hans
  • Hogarth, William
  • Hoitsu, Sakai
  • Holbein(the younger), Hans
  • Holder, Geoffrey
  • Homer, Winslow
  • Hopper, Edward
  • Hui-tsung, Emperor
  • Hunt, William Holman
  • Indiana, Robert
  • Ingres
  • Inness, George
  • Ino, Pierre
  • Johns, Jasper
  • Johnson, Frank Tenney
  • Johnson, William
  • Kahlo, Frida
  • Kandinsky, Wassily
  • Kirchner, Ernst Ludwig
  • Kisling, Moise
  • Kiyonaga, Torii
  • Klee, Paul
  • Klimt, Gustav
  • Kokoschka, Oskar
  • Koryusai, Koryusai
  • Kuhn, Walt
  • Kuniyoshi, Yasuo
  • Kyosai, Kawanabe
  • Lane, Fitz Hugh
  • Laurencin, Marie
  • Lawrence, Jacob
  • Lawrence, Sir Thomas
  • Lee-Smith, Hughie
  • Leger, Fernand
  • Leigh, William Robinson
  • Leyster, Judith
  • Lichtenstein, Roy
  • Liebermann, Max
  • Lindner, Richard
  • Lippi, Fra Fillipo
  • Lorrain, Claude
  • Louis, Morris
  • Luini, Bernardino
  • Macke, Auguste
  • Maes, Nicolaes
  • Magritte, Rene
  • Maillol, Aristide
  • Manet, Edouard
  • Marc, Franz
  • Marini, Marino
  • Marquet, Albert
  • Martin, Henri-Jean Guillaume
  • Masaccio
  • Matisse, Henri
  • Michelangelo - Buonarotti, Michelangelo
  • Millet, Jean-Francois
  • Miro, Joan
  • Modigliani, Amedeo
  • Mondrian, Piet
  • Monet, Claude
  • Moore, Henry
  • Moore, Martha
  • Moreau, Gustave
  • Morisot, Berthe
  • Moskowitz, Ira
  • Motherwell, Robert
  • Motley, Archibald John Jr
  • Mucha, Alphonse Marie
  • Munch, Edvard
  • O'Keeffe, georgia
  • Picasso, Pablo
  • Pissarro, Camille
  • Pollock, Jackson
  • Poussin, Nicolas
  • Raffaelo - Sanzio, Raphael
  • Rauschenberg, Robert
  • Redoute, Pierre-Joseph
  • Remington, Frederic
  • Renoir, Pierre-Auguste
  • Reynolds, Sir Joshua
  • Rossetti, Dante Gabriel
  • Rouault, Georges
  • Rubens, Peter Paul
  • Seurat, Georges
  • Sisley, Alfred
  • Steinlen, Theophile Alexandre
  • Tamayo, Rufino
  • Tang, Li
  • Tanguy, Yves
  • Tiepolo, Giovanni Domenica
  • Tintoretto, Jacopo Robusti
  • Toulouse-Lautrec, Henri
  • Turner, Joseph Mallord William
  • Ucello, Paolo
  • van Beyeren, Abraham
  • van Dyck, Sir Anthony
  • van Gogh, Vincent
  • van Huysum, Jan
  • van Rijin, Rembrant
  • Velazquez, Diego
  • Vermeer, Johannes Jan
  • von Jawlensky, Alexej
  • Vuillard, Edouard
  • Watteau, Jean-Antoine
  • Whistler, James Abbott Macneill
  • Williams, Walter
  • Wood, Grant
  • Woodruff, Hale
  • Woodville, Richard
  • Wyeth, Andrew
  • Wyeth, Newell Convers
  • Yokoyama, Taikan






  •   Claude  Lorrain 


    Birth Year : 1600
    Death Year : 1682
    Country : France

    Claude Lorrain, often called simple Claude, was born Claude Gellée in the Duchy of Lorraine but spent almost all his life in Italy where, after 1633, he was the leading landscapist, working on commissions from popes, cardinals, ambassadors, and kings. During his first years in Rome, he was an apprentice in the studio of Agostino Tassi, where he worked on large decorations and learned to handle their broad rhythms. He was also considerably influenced by the Flemish traditions as manifested in the tiny classical landscape paintings of biblical and mythological subjects done by Elsheimer and Bril, both Germans who worked in Rome. Claude returned to Lorraine in 1625, hoping to make a living there, but went back to Rome in 1626 and never left Italy again.

    Until 1640, Claude painted landscapes that are careful in detail and show fairly sharp contrasts of light and shade. Later, probably under the influence of Poussin (the two artists used to roam the campagna together, sketching from nature, in their love of classical antiquity, he began to emphasize spatial composition, achieving a complete balance between masses of trees and of architecture. After 1650 in the full maturity of his style, he brought to his work a serene luminosity of early morning or late afternoon light so that his landscapes extend poetically and idyllically into an ethereal atmosphere. He thus achieved a new kind of landscape in which the classical balance of composition is subtly altered by soft light. Claude and Poussin were among the greatest seventeenth-century landscape painters, and both were important architects of later French artistic traditions, both classical and romantic. Claude, in particular, profoundly influenced later landscapes in France and England, among them Bonington, Constable and Turner; as well as the many English landscape architects of the eighteenth century who were interested in creating "picturesque" effects. Claude's influence is also seen in the works of Corot and Cezanne, both of whom studied nature in its various aspects and under different conditions of light.
     
    Claude Lorrain
    Brook and Two Bridges



    Claude Lorrain
    Voyage of Jacob



    Claude Lorrain
    Seaport with Embarkation of the Queen of Sheba



    Claude Lorrain
    Angel's Visit, The



    Claude Lorrain
    Pastoral Scene



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